TuxWiz

Lightweight Linux

Become a Wizard!

  1. Download
  2. Applications
  3. Make it your own
  4. DPI
  5. Disable Workspaces
  6. Seamonkey

TuxWiz is the perfect environment to dive deep into the world of Linux. Well preconfigured, you can just use it as it is. But the fun starts when you tweak it to your own likes and needs. TuxWiz is the distribution I mostly use for my Linux Videos and is also the name of my YouTube channel. If you are planning to become a 'real Linux Hacker' this is definitly the distribution of choice (or Slackware, of course).

Download

TuxWiz 64 Bit

🚀 Get a download ticket for CHF/EUR/USD 29 and you will directly be redirected to a page with your password to download the latest releases! Please wait a few seconds for the redirect at the end of the process! Your ticket grants you access until the next major release of SpaceFun. 💖

👩‍🚀 Erhalte ein Download-Ticket für CHF/EUR/USD 29 und Du wirst sofort auf eine Seite mit deinem Passwort zum Download der aktuellen Versionen weitergeleitet! Warte bitte am Abschluss des Vorgans einige Sekunden bis zur Weiterleitung! Dein Ticket gewährt dir Zugang bis zur nächsten Hauptversion von SpaceFun.

Adding new Applications

You can install new apps as you know it already using the graphical Synaptic package manager or, as you are an experienced space traveler, you probably prefer the command line.

After installation of, let's say, Thunderbird, you might have noticed that it does not appear in the menu directly.

This is because the menu is generated dynamically on every login, using a little helper called xdgmenumaker.

It does a wonderful job, looking at all that .desktop files and the related icons of your preferred icon theme and puts it all together into a file called ~/.icewm/menu

Autostart during login is done via a little script which can be found at ~/.icewm/startup - feel free to take a look at it e.g. using cat ~/.icewm/startup

You will see a line which looks something like this:

xdgmenumaker -s 24 -n -f icewm -i > ~/.icewm/menu &

You can just copy and paste it any time after a software installation and your menu will get updated immediately.

Make it your own

TuxWiz comes with a well-selected and hand-crafted design.

If you are happy with it, fine. But then you are missing all the fun because you can completely customize the look of your system.

There are several different aspects which can be adjusted. Let's start with the easy ones:

IceWM Themes

The window manager is the engine that is responsible for drawing all the applications on your screen. The panel and the window decoration are it's main elements. There are thousands of designs available for IceWM which can be found e.g. on box-look.org. Just download the one you like and extract the theme to ~/.icewm/themes. Afterward, choose Settings / Themes in the main menu and select one of your choice. Numerous IceWM themes are already included in TuxWiz.

Wallpapers

One of the first things most astronauts do, is to put a nice poster on the wall of their starship. For that purpose, I ship a small helper called Nitrogen, which can be found in the Accessories menu. It is a bit tricky at first, but once you know it, you will find it very useful (I hope). It works with directories where it looks for images to set as a wallpaper. You have to add one to make it work. Within the Application choose Preferences and click on + Add. A good choice could be to create a new subfolder called Wallpapers in your Home folder to store all your collected items, before. A nice place to look for wallpapers is Deviantart.

Nitrogen can also display a random wallpaper from your collection every time you log in:

nitrogen --set-zoom-fill --random /home/astronaut/Wallpapers --save

Just adjust the path to your collection and after a re-login you are ready to go.

GTK Theme

GTK is the Toolkit which most of the included applications use. Another one is Qt, which will be explained later.

To adjust the toolkit and the icons, start Settings / Customize Look and Feel, which we have borrowed from SpaceFun, our main Spin which ships the LXDE desktop environment. Not all aspects might work on IceWM, but you can choose the Widget and Icon Theme. I have already included a few widget themes, but you can install more using your package manager, e.g.: blackbird-gtk-theme, bluebird-gtk-theme, arc-theme, darkfire-gtk-theme, just to name a few.

A result could look like this:

Qt

It is called Qt, but pronounced like cute, as it is a fantastic toolkit. The easiest way to make it look similar to all your other apps is to choose gtk2 within the Style section in Settings / Qt5 Settings. More modern Apps use Qt6 and a similar app can be found in the same menu, called Qt6 Settings. There, the Style element is called qt6gtk2. Like this, all your Qt apps will look like the Widget you have configured in the Customize Look and Feel app.

Fonts

Fonts settings are distributed throughout the system and possibly the hardest thing to configure. Customize Look and Feel sets the Fonts for GTK apps, Qt5- and Qt6 Settings for Qt. And IceWM has, of course, it's on text-based configuration. The fonts can either be defined within the ~/.icewm/preferences file or within the theme of your choice, in a file called default.theme (e.g ~/.icewm/themes/nice2/default.theme).

Once you are finished with all of your customizations, please share the results with your fellow astronauts.

Screen Resolution

The screen resolution can easily be changed using SettingsARandR. Right-Click on the monitor, choose the resolution you like, and hit Apply.

Note that the wallpaper might look a bit distorted after changing the resolution on the fly. Just run nitrogen --restore on the command line or open the Nitrogen GUI, select your wallpaper and hit Apply.

You can also save your layout, but to apply it on login, additional work is required.

Once you have saved your preferred layout, a file is created called like ~/.screenlayout/mylayout.sh, depending on how you have named it and the location you have chosen to save it to.

You can take a look at it with cat:

cat ~/.screenlayout/mylayout.sh

To launch the script on login, add it to your ~/.icewm/startup script, directly after #!/bin/bash

DPI

You got one of this modern computers with high resolution displays and everything looks tiny. Don't worry. On a system utilizing the IceWM window manager, you can change this by adjusting the DPI value.

Open a Terminal and enter the following command:

sudo nano /etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf

This will open an easy editor. Scroll down to the end until you see the #xft-dpi. Remove the # sign in front and add a value, e.g. 120

xft-dpi=120

It should look like this:

Now save the changes using Ctrl+O and exit the editor with Ctrl+X.

Another file has to be edited. Open nano again, but first make sure you are in your home directory using cd:

cd
nano .Xresources

Hint: you can also edit the file directly like this: nano ~/.Xresources

Add the following line to the file:

Xft.dpi: 120

Save with Ctrl+O and exit the editor with Ctrl+X. Now log out and login again. Do you notice the difference? If it's still too small, repeat the steps above, but increase the value from 120 to e.g. 144. Find out what fits with you or use a DPI-Calculator.

Disable Workspaces

Most window managers and Desktop Environments on Linux offer a so-called Workspaces functionality. It provides virtual desktops, so you can e.g. place all your Internet apps on one workspace and the rest on another. You can switch between workspaces by clicking the numbers in the taskbar.

If you don't need this functionality, it can be disabled as follows. Open a terminal and paste the following script as one (not line-by-line):

cat <<EOF >> ~/.icewm/preferences
TaskBarShowWorkspaces=0
WorkspaceNames=" 1 "
EOF

Not restart IceWM by opening the menu and clicking on Logout / Restart IceWM. You will notice that the little numbers in the Taskbar, representing the workspaces, have disappeared.

Seamonkey - Internet Application Suite

The default browser included in our IceWM Spins is Falkon. It is a relatively lightweight, still fully functional web browser. Yet, for some old hardware it might be too bloated and the Seamonkey Internet Application Suite might be a valid alternative. Besides a Webbrowser, Seamonkey can be used as an email-client, a newsreader, for IRC chats and more. For Debian based systems, there is a 3rd Party Repository available called Ubuntuzilla. To ease up the installation procedure, simply copy the content of our Ubuntuzilla Setup Helper into your terminal and afterward run the following commands to install the application:

sudo apt update && sudo sudo apt install seamonkey-mozilla-build

Seamonkey is available in English by default, but can be easily extended using Language Packs. Simply download the relevant .xpi file and open it with SeaMonkey to install the extension. The language can then be changed in the preferences: Edit / Preferences / Appearance / User Interface Language.

If you want to use an AdBlocker with SeaMonkey (recommended), you can try the latest release of the uBlock Origin for Firefox Legacy Browsers.

To make Seamonkey the system-wide default web browser, you can run the following command:

sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/x-www-browser x-www-browser /usr/bin/seamonkey 100

Daily Hit Counter

777